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What is Testosterone and how is it produced?

From a biological standpoint, testosterone is an androgenic sex hormone for a male. It is formed from cholesterol. There are quite a few ways in which the body produces testosterone. In men, about 95% of it is produced within a group cell located within the testes while almost 50% within their (ovaries) sex glands for women.

Healthy Testosterone level:

From late adolescent to young adult men, an average healthy level is 264-916 nanograms per deciliter and 8-60 for women over the ages of 19. Of this amount, only 25% is considered active, 2—3% as free testosterone while others are freely bound to albumin. However, testosterone concentration fluctuates within the day, and it is recorded highest for men.

Testosterone performs several tasks in:
  • Sex Organ: It helps erectile function, foster penis growth and supports sperm production.
  • Body fat: It helps to increase fat burning beta-adrenergic receptors.
  • Brain: it improves cognition, sex drive, feelings, among other functions.
  • Muscle building: It increases muscle mass and strength and helps in protein synthesis.
  • Bone: It helps in bone growth and density.
Testosterone effect in Body fat, weight, and Composition

In men, low level of testosterone produces more fat and weight gain, insulin insensitivity and reduces caloric expenditure. In women, high testosterone level produces almost the same adverse effects.

Testosterone Role in Bigger and Stronger Muscle:

Prevailing theory holds that testosterone increase and activates satellite cells. After being activated, they will integrate into dominant muscle fiber to make them bigger. Also, testosterone increases the amount of calcium released within the cell which helps the muscular contraction force.

How Testosterone affects sexual health and fertility:

Aside from its other roles in development and productivity, researchers have shown how it helps sexual functions which include:

  • Structural: Testosterone helps in proper functioning of the penis.
  • Neural: Testosterone improves tissues needed for sexual activity and flow of necessary impulse.
  • Physiological: stimulates blood flow and nitric oxide flow.
  • Antagonist: it guards against enzymes that would make a man lose the erection.
  • Support: Testosterone help to combat adverse effects of conditions like obesity, diabetes, and aging on sexual functions.

For women in their menopause stage or having a low sex drive, effective use of testosterone proves to be active with the only side effect experienced being acne. 

Testosterone effect on the Brain:

A prominent effect of testosterone on the brain includes social dominance and risky decision making.  When adolescent uses supplemental testosterone from puberty to the age of 27, aggression was a notable effect but wasn’t an issue in the adult. However, men with a higher level of natural flowing testosterone seem to have better memory recall.

How to Naturally Maintain Testosterone Level

Age is one of the most significant factors for men starting from about 30 years of age. There is less you can do about it, but you can increase your testosterone production by improving other areas of your life like limiting alcohol intake, stress control, and adequate diet.

Sign of low-level testosterone:

In men, this includes:

  • Gynecomastia.
  • Erection (getting an erection or staying erected).
Both genders include:
  • Mood swings.
  • Aggression.
  • Loss of muscle mass strength
  • Loss of sex drive and depression.
Should I worry about testosterone level?

The best solution, in this case, is to consult your doctor and get tested. If the amount of bioavailable testosterone or an androgen receptor disorder is preventing your body from utilizing the available testosterone, your body produces, “testosterone boosting products” will not be the best choice. However, you should avoid threatening environmental factors.

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